Enabling Factors - image

Enabling Factors


An array of enabling factors must exist in good condition to ensure that community natural resource governance is effective, equitable, and durable. The SNAPP Governance Working Group attempted to compile a list of these enabling factors, drawing them from the theory of change as well as their decades of field experience working with communities and other stakeholders. 

Enabling Factors


READINESS Readiness: Key conditions and knowledge exist for strengthened CNRG to be needed, worthwhile, and effective.
ALIGNED VALUES Conservation of natural resources is valued within the community's vision for its future.
STAKEHOLDER INFLUENCE The landscape of actors influencing natural resources governance and management is understood, including who holds rights to the resources.
TRUST AMONGST STAKEHOLDERS Communities and other key stakeholders (e.g., CSPs, Government, Donors) trust one another to engage respectfully, effectively and accountably.
POTENTIAL BENEFITS Natural resources can provide benefits (e.g., cultural, economic) to the community sufficient to motivate effective governance and management.



COMMUNITY VISION Vision: The community has a shared vision and desire to collectively manage natural resources for current and future generations.
SHARED VALUATION The community has a shared perception of the worth of the natural resource(s).
COMMUNITY VISION Community has a vision for governing and managing its natural resources in the near and long term.
PLAN Community agrees on how to realize its vision (e.g., Governance Plan; Management. Plan).
COMMUNITY SOCIAL COHESION Social cohesion: Community has the social cohesion sufficient to engage in collective actions to solve shared problems.
SENSE OF SHARED IDENTITY Community members have a sense of shared identity.
MOTIVATION TO MANAGE Community is motivated to effectively govern and manage their natural resources.
COLLECTIVE ACTION Community members successfully work together to solve common problems.
AUTHORITY TO GOVERN Authority to govern: Community has the authority to govern, to receive and share benefits, and ensure effective participation by all members.
PARTICIPATION Community voice is inclusive and representative of all groups.
FORMAL AUTHORITY Community has formal, legal authority to govern and manage their natural resources, including rights having been devolved to the community by the government.
ACCOUNTABILITY Community has sufficient power and effective systems/practices to hold themselves and others accountable.
BENEFITS Appropriate mechanisms ensure that benefits of natural resource governance are being generated, acknowledged, and equitably shared.
CAPACITY TO GOVERN Knowledge and Skills: Community knows the state of the resource and has the skills and knowledge to govern effectively.
NATURAL RESOURCES Community maintains current knowledge of the extent and state of the natural resource(s) over which they have rights.
PRESSURES/THREATS Community maintains current knowledge of present and future pressures/threats (community-level and external) impacting the state of natural resource(s).
OPERATIONAL RESOURCES Community has operational capacity to implement natural resource management.
DECISION BODY TO GOVERN Decision Body to Govern: A governance group has the community confidence, legitimacy, and mechanisms to achieve effective natural resource governance.
DECISION-MAKING BODY Community has a decision-making body is representative of the diversity of and organization of the community, including any nested governance systems.
INTERNAL LEGITIMACY The decision-making body is perceived by the community to have the authority, capacity, integrity, and power to govern natural resources in the interests of the community.
COMMUNITY GRM The community decision-making body has a community-level grievance redress mechanism/conflict management system.
DECISION BODY EFFECTIVENESS The community decision-making body is effective in fulfilling its responsibilities, including any financial management roles.



Community Support Partner Community Support Partner: A CSP is capable of providing high impact support for community natural resource governance.
CSP VALUES The CSP has a stated commitment to respect and protect the rights of communities they support
CSP SAFEGUARDS The CSP understands and effectively implements both environmental and social safeguards
CSP KNOWLEDGE CSP has sufficient knowledge about the community itself, its natural resources, and the operating context to provide effective, informed support.
CSP RESOURCES The CSP has the human and financial resources and partnership connections to effectively fulfill their role in support of community NR governance.
CSP CREDITABILITY The community understands the CSP's rolen and perceives them as able to provide timely and competent support



Government Government: Key agencies with authority to influence CNRG are effectively enabling and complementing community natural resource governance.
GOVERNMENT MOTIVATION Government is motivated to support, enable, and complement community NR governance.
GOVERNMENT KNOWLEDGE Government has sufficient knowledge, skills, resources to provide rights holding communities with timely and competent support,
GOVERNMENT RESPECT Government respects and protects rights-holders.



Funders and Funding Funders: Are motivated and able to provide funding to enable effective, long-term and equitable CNRG
FUNDER MOTIVATION Funders have a long-term commitment and motivation to support, enable, and fund community NR governance.
SCOPE Funders recognize the need to support the diversity of roles, capacities, and strategic elements needed for successful CNRG.
ADAPTIVE FUNDING Funders are willing for grantees to adapt strategies as it learns what is working and what is not.


Founding Partners

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